Shore power is the notion which indicates that a ship is connected to a shore side electrical power unit for its power supply on board. Ships sailing at sea basically use their own generators to produce electricity. Running diesel engines in the port however, is unnecessary stressful for the environment. It produces mainly emissions of CO2, NOx and fine PM10 particles.
Shore power Infrastructure provides ships at berth the possibility to turn off their auxiliary engines and to use a connection to the electricity power grid on shore. This offers many advantages. The emissions whilst lying at berth are thus avoided. Shore power also means an advantage in relation to sound nuisance and quality of life on board.
The use of shore power is recommended and supported at different policy levels. Shore power is one of the strategies that are recommended by the World Ports Climate Initiative to reduce the environmental impact of ships. In May 2006 the European Commission issued a recommendation to encourage the use of shore power by ships at berth in community ports and in doing so wanted to stimulate the Member States to provide shore power infrastructure. The continuous expansion of shore power facilities also contributes to the implementation of the Flemish 3E-Inland Navigation Covenant of 2009 and the 3E Inland Navigation Plan. The 3E Inland Navigation Covenant aims, amongst others, at a significant reduction of CO, NOx fine particles and CO2. The Air Quality Plan approved on March 30th, 2012 by the Flemish Government foresees actions to encourage the use of shore power.
To fully utilise the added value of shore power, a harmonisation of the management system and payment system is being sought.
With a view to uniformity, in the context of the Trans-European Network Transport (TEN-T) project, which the MOW (Policy Department) coordinates together with the Antwerp Municipal Port Authority, NV De Scheepvaart, Havenbedrijf Gent NV under public law and Waterwegen en Zeekanaal NV, a central management system for shore power in Flanders (CEBES) was developed. CEBES has been operational since 2015. Users/shippers can reach CEBES via a central web page "Request shore power". The development of a uniform coordinating central management system (CEBES) links the various local management systems (LOBES) of the Port of Antwerp (quay 75), NV De Scheepvaart (in the waiting port in Wijnegem) and Waterwegen en Zeekanaal NV (in the waiting port in Evergem) to this web platform.
Shore power is already being offered at a number of locations, see 'Request shore power' on www.walstroomplatform.be. In the framework of the Climate Fund, the waterway administrators NV Waterwegen en Zeekanaal and NV De Scheepvaart will make an additional effort to expand the network further.
New shore power installations will be developed in the coming years.
On the territory of NV Waterwegen en Zeekanaal (W&Z), there are a number of locations where offering shore power provides added value. At the location in Evergem, upstream of the lock, W&Z also wants to offer in 2017 inland waterway users the possibility of using shore power. This location has potential in view of the number of vessels docking there. Furthermore, this will also reduce nuisance for local residents and will lead to a reduction in emissions of air pollutants. W&Z also wishes to create a shore power installation upwards of the Katelijnepoortbrug in Bruges around mid 2016.
On the territory of NV De Scheepvaart, there are a number of locations where offering shore power provides added value. NV De Scheepvaart wants to offer in 2016 inland waterway users on the left bank of the Albert Canal in Wijnegem additional possibilities of using shore power. In this zone, a zone for long-term docking (maximum of 7 days) is available. This zone is located close to the centre of the municipality of Wijnegem. Offering shore power at this location will have a positive impact on air quality and noise pollution in the immediate environment (buildings). Furthermore, this location is situated in the busiest shipping section of the Albert Canal.
In 2015, the shore power installation by quay 75 was extended with two additional LS shore power cabinets and a high-voltage cabin. These new cabinets can deliver greater electrical capacity and are specifically but not exclusively designed for major consumers, such as tankers.
Three new cabinets are to be placed by Groenendijk around mid 2016 but this depends on the location of the footbridges.